List foreign keys in Azure SQL Database

Rene Castro - Dataedo Team Rene Castro 2019-01-28

Table of Contents:

    The query below returns foreign key constraints defined in a database.


    select schema_name(fk_tab.schema_id) + '.' + as foreign_table,
        '>-' as rel,
        schema_name(pk_tab.schema_id) + '.' + as primary_table,
        substring(column_names, 1, len(column_names)-1) as [fk_columns], as fk_constraint_name
    from sys.foreign_keys fk
        inner join sys.tables fk_tab
            on fk_tab.object_id = fk.parent_object_id
        inner join sys.tables pk_tab
            on pk_tab.object_id = fk.referenced_object_id
        cross apply (select col.[name] + ', '
                        from sys.foreign_key_columns fk_c
                            inner join sys.columns col
                                on fk_c.parent_object_id = col.object_id
                                and fk_c.parent_column_id = col.column_id
                        where fk_c.parent_object_id = fk_tab.object_id
                          and fk_c.constraint_object_id = fk.object_id
                                order by col.column_id
                                for xml path ('') ) D (column_names)
    order by schema_name(fk_tab.schema_id) + '.' +,
        schema_name(pk_tab.schema_id) + '.' +


    • foreign_table - foreign table name with schema name
    • rel - relationship symbol implicating direction
    • primary_table - primary (referenced) table name with schema name
    • fk_constraint_name - foreign key constraint name


    • One row: represents one foreign key constraint.
    • Scope of rows: all foreign key constraints in a database
    • Ordered by: foreign table schema name and table name

    Sample results

    Foreign keys in the AdventureWorksLT database:

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