Find tables without relationships - Loner Tables - in SQL Server database

Piotr Kononow - Dataedo Team Piotr Kononow 2018-06-25

Table of Contents:

    This query listed tables that have no foreign keys, meaning they are not referencing any table or are not on the "many" side of FK.

    Query below lists something a little different - tables that are not referencing and are not referenced by other tables. Something I called Loner Tables. This diagram illustrates the concept:

    Learn more about Loner Tables


    select 'No FKs >-' refs, as [table],
        '>- no FKs' fks
        (select schema_name(tab.schema_id) + '.' + as tab,
            count( as fk_cnt
        from sys.tables as tab
            left join sys.foreign_keys as fk
                on tab.object_id = fk.parent_object_id
        group by schema_name(tab.schema_id), fks
        inner join 
        (select schema_name(tab.schema_id) + '.' + as tab,
            count( ref_cnt
        from sys.tables as tab
            left join sys.foreign_keys as fk
                on tab.object_id = fk.referenced_object_id
        group by schema_name(tab.schema_id), refs
        on =
    where fks.fk_cnt + refs.ref_cnt = 0


    • refs - icon symbolizing lack of references by foregin key constraints
    • table - name of the table with schema name
    • fks - icon symbolizing lack of foregin key constraints


    • One row represents one table
    • Scope of rows: tables that are not related (not refererencing and not being referenced with foreign key constraints) with any table
    • Ordered by schema table name

    Sample results

    List of Loner Tables in AdventureWorks:

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